NATURAL ELECTRIC FIELDS AND ELECTROCULTURE
The following is an attempt to answer the questions. “Why do branches
never touch each other?” “How do they know where to grow
so as to avoid other branches?” The answer may be electric fields.
The accepted answer is that the direction of growth is determined by gravity
and light. I agree that this does happen but I have a hard time understanding
how gravity and light can cause the fine structure in the placement of
branches. The fact that the direction of growth is determined by
gravity and light is not enough. There has to be something else
at work here.
Lighting is not the only source of electricity
occurring in nature. There is a very small natural
electric current running from the sky to the ground. It's
magnitude is about 200 volts per meter and its current is about
1 Pica Amp per square meter. It appears this current
is linked with lighting in that it is the return current from the lighting
storms that are more or less constantly occurring somewhere on earth.
This electric current together with storms is termed
atmospheric electricity. It appears that it changes on
a 24 hour bases and always peaks at about the same time GMT regardless
of where it is measured. The book Atmospheric Electricity
by J.Alan Chalmers describes this effect in depth.
EFFECTS OF THIS FIELD
It is possible that this field contributes to the
growth and disease resistance of plants. There
have been many experiments where this field has been modified or
simulated by various means usually with positive results. The
electroculture links at the end of this article describe various
experiments that have been done.
A NEW THEORY
While the accepted reason for the sharp needles on cactus
and other plants growing in arid conditions is to prevent them from
being eaten by animals I question this explanation. I think
there is a real possibility that all plants conduct these tiny currents of
electricity into the air. In moist conditions the evaporation of water
from the leaves of these plants may act as a method to connect these plants
to the atmospheric fields. Indeed one method of measuring these fields
is to use a water dropper to make a connection to the atmosphere.
In the case of cactus plants I think it is reasonable to suspect
that the sharp points are there to increase the electric current
between the plant and the dry desert atmosphere.
(The plant if course is very moist but this moisture is contained
inside a very tough shell to prevent evaporation. ) In support
of this I would like to point out that the plants do not need
protection from animals as there are so few animals in the desert.
Also there are many animals that have no problem eating plants with
thorns. I have observed goats eating thistle plants that were so covered
in spines you could not hold any part in your hand yet the goats devoured
it with relish. Similarly deer are known to invade rosebushes to the
dismay of many growers. Also there seems to exist
a increase in plants with spines as we move from wet areas into very dry
A SECOND NEW THEORY - DIRECTION OF GROWTH
I would also like to put forth the hypothesis that plants
may use this electric field to determine which direction to grow
In some cases there are two identical trees growing close together.
The interesting thing is that they somehow know not to infringe on each
others space. Their branches will spread out on the side away
from the neighbor and will be restricted on the neighboring side.
It is difficult for me to assume this un-symmetrical branching
is solely due to the light the tree is exposed to. It
is not possible for the branches to have a fine structure solely by the
action of light. Indeed even in a heavily wooded forest the branches
never touch each other. One possible explanation for this is
that electrostatic fields are somehow used by the plant to determine which
direction to grow in.
Here is a picture of a tree that was planted very close to a house.
All branches developed on the left side of the tree or away from
the house. After many years the house was moved and what resulted might
be described as half a tree. The empty side now is sprouting
very small branches as it starts to
expand into space that it was unable to fill for many years.
The following picture is of a maple tree next to a cedar tree. Here
the maple tree infringes into the space of the cedar and the cedar does
not grow in the area used by the maple.
These examples point out that light is not the only thing
that determines the direction of plant growth. It may be
that an additional influence is from natural electric fields.
All of this and more has been looked at before. The sources
at the end of this article list some research in this field. The Book
offered as a free Nook download is a treasure of experiments carried
out before 1900 with results of not only increased crop yields but
better sweeter fruit. About 1930 the electroculture methods
were replaced by chemicals but now it seems chemicals have run their course
and it is time to revisit this technology.
This is a method of photography where a living object like a leaf is
placed on a photographic plate which is placed on a metal plate.
When the metal plate is connected to a source of high voltage electricity
a image is formed on the plate. This image shows a corona discharge
along the outline of the leaf. Many paranormal effects are
attributed to this process but it may be simply explained by the conductivity
of moisture in the leaf and the presence of sharp points on the edge of
What this effect really shows is that there exists a series of sharp points
on the edge on the leaf and that these points are coupled to the moisture
within the leaf. It may be that these points are used by the
plant to conduct tiny electric currents to the atmosphere.
This effect has also been observed with coins but those used have a serrated
edges which approximates the effects of the sharp points on leaf.
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